Legal/Fair Use/Copyright

TBU NEWS - Fair use and Copyright Policies

Update to Legal/Fair Use/Copyright is coming soon….Read more about it ===> TBU NEWS IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT

TBU NEWS (The Truth Behind Us) –  is a research and news project, including collecting, arranging, and analysing news items that seem to best reflect the actual state on the global and local stage. On TBU NEWS  – international you will be able to find news, articles, videos, photos related to different topics: news and politics, science and technology, economy and daily life, humanity and society, earth and natural cycles, unknown and beyond …

TBU NEWS is led by three inspiring individuals; one from Montenegro, one from United States and one from Netherlands.We are not like other mainstream commercial media, at least we try not to be. TBU NEWS will try not to speak when it does not have something to say. We will not share when we do not have something to share. TBU NEWS is about truth, objectiveness and fairness. It is about the future, to show you  and to inspire you to see that there is always a different way, a better way for each one of us. Better way for humanity itself.

TBU NEWS provides independent news, research and analysis on matters of public interest and concern. TBU NEWS is not commercial in nature and if it does earn any profit it does it mainly from grants, donations, and by and from promoting its (online) content to large world wide audience respecting monetisation policies of advertising service’s or any other that it uses. Profit earned is used only for purposes of promoting TBU NEWS goals and objectives: truth, objectiveness and fairness mainly to invoke criticism, to inform to educate.etc TBU NEWS makes its news and research available for free to the public and world at large without requirement of subscription or product purchase.

TBU NEWS contains copyrighted material, the use of which has not always been specifically authorised by the copyright owner. TBU NEWS makes such material available in an effort to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, scientific, sociological, social justice issues, etc.

TBU NEWS (The Truth Behind Us) international is an independent / non profit media, news and publishing website, led by three inspiring individuals; one from Montenegro, one from United States and one from Netherlands. TBU NEWS is organised, existing  and abiding by the laws of U.S. and EU under number; U.S. constitution first amendment and 17 U.S. Code Section 107 also EU Charter  of Fundamental Rights Article 11, Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as well as Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ECHR Article 10, The European Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 and UN – The Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 19 – Right to freedom of opinion and expression adopted and proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 10, 1948.

U.S. Law

Pursuant to the U.S. Copyright Act as amended, the rights granted by copyright are limited by the doctrine of fair use as codified at 17 U.S. Code Section 107, including use for criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research, all of which are germane to the fair use by TBU NEWS

The fair-use factors of Section 107 weigh substantially in favor of fair use by TBU NEWS including “the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial nature [here, no] or is for nonprofit educational purposes” [here, yes]; the nature of the copyrighted work and the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole, and “the effect of the use upon the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work” [no effect, as TBU NEWS is neither selling the work in question nor reproducing it in any tangible format or other medium by which it is either being sold by others or satisfying any end-user demand, if any, for such content.]

EU Law

Big US companies operating in Europe will be subject to EU law rather than American court orders under the new rules.

As regards the use of copyrighted material within the European Union. The European Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society provides in its art. 5 an exhaustive list of exemptions that can be implemented by the Member States.

Amongst that list, the exemption(s) invoked must cover the reproduction and communication to the public (since the publication on the Internet implies those two acts). Generally, exemptions will be based on the purpose of the intended use. For instance, the Directive provides for an exemption to the exclusive right of reproduction and communication to the public when it is made for the sole purpose of illustration for teaching or scientific research, as long as the source, including the author’s name, is indicated, unless this turns out to be impossible and to the extent justified by the non-commercial purpose to be achieved.

Another exemption is “reproduction by the press, communication to the public or making available of published articles on current economic, political or religious topics or of broadcast works or other subject-matter of the same character, in cases where such use is not expressly reserved, and as long as the source, including the author’s name, is indicated, or use of works or other subject-matter in connection with the reporting of current events, to the extent justified by the informatory purpose and as long as the source, including the author’s name, is indicated, unless this turns out to be impossible”.

All the exceptions must comply with the three step test which imply that exemptions must only apply in certain special cases (1) which do not conflict with a normal exploitation of the work or other subject-matter (2) and do not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the right holder (3).

Use of Copyrighted Material by a 3rd Party

If you wish to use copyrighted material from any of TBU NEWS web sites for purposes that go beyond “Fair Use” as outlined above, you must obtain permission from the original copyright owner.

The absence of accurate copyright information on any image or other content on TBU NEWS does not necessarily mean that said work is original content by TBU NEWS as quite often the content we reproduce from other sources is either missing copyright information or has been incorrectly attributed.

Articles , videos, images used  by TBU NEWS are going to be properly addressed, credited, linked, pointed .etc whenever such option and information is possible to do and provide.

Original content on TBU NEWS or that originates from TBU NEWS (signed) is copyrighted by TBU NEWS. You may re-use or re-distribute such content provided that:

  • such use is not for commercial purposes
  • such use falls under Fair Use as defined above
  • you cite TBU NEWS as the source of such content and provide an active link back to the originating page on TBU NEWS web site where possible, or an active link back to our homepage ( otherwise.

Copyright Complaints

Complaints regarding copyright infringement can be sent to TBU NEWS to this email address:

[email protected] (Secure Email)

Best Regards